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Causes of Vulvovaginitis

Bacteria, yeast, parasites and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are all causes of vulvovaginitis. The condition also may be a reaction to the chemical ingredients of soaps, perfumes and lotions, as well as allergens in the environment. Poor hygiene is another factor leading to infection.

The causes of vulvovaginitis include:

  • Candida albicans, a bacteria responsible for yeast infections
  • Bacterial vaginosis, an excessive growth of certain types of bacteria
  • Trichomonas vaginitis, an STI
  • Soaps, bubble baths, feminine sprays, perfume and vaginal contraceptives
  • Heat rash from tight-fitting or non-absorbent clothing
  • Reduced estrogen resulting in a thinning of skin and dryness
  • Chronic skin conditions
  • Foreign bodies such as lost tampons

Poor genital hygiene may lead to non-specific vulvovaginitis associated with a type of bacteria found in feces.

Another form of the condition is gonococcal vulvovaginitis, an STI caused by neisseria gonorrhoeae, the organism responsible for gonorrhea.

Locations for Vulvovaginitis