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Vulvar Cancer

Survivability of Vulvar Cancer

Your likelihood of surviving vulvar cancer is generally quite good, especially when the disease is diagnosed at an early stage, before it has spread throughout the body. The survivability of this and other cancers is usually assessed in terms of the five- and 10-year relative survival rate, meaning the likelihood that a woman survives five or 10 years compared to other women of her age group who don’t have the disease.

It’s worth noting that these survival rates given below, which come from National Cancer Institute data, do not necessarily predict your outcomes—after all, every woman’s situation is different, and medicine is always advancing.

As with other cancers, the earlier the diagnosis is made and treatment begins, the better the prognosis.

Squamous cell carcinoma of the vulva by stage (5-year rate, 10-year rate)

  • Stage I: 93 percent, 87 percent
  • Stage II: 79 percent, 69 percent
  • Stage III: 53 percent, 46 percent
  • Stage IV: 29 percent, 16 percent

Vulvar melanoma by stage (5-year rate, 10-year rate)

  • Stage I: 83 percent, 71 percent
  • Stage II: 64 percent, 57 percent
  • Stage III: 35 percent, 21 percent
  • Stage IV: Not available

Adenocarcinoma of the vulva (a relatively uncommon vulvar cancer) by stage (5-year rate, 10-year rate)

  • Stage I: 100 percent, 89 percent
  • Stage II: 92 percent, 72 percent
  • Stage III: 74 percent, 71 percent
  • Stage IV: Not available

Locations for Vulvar Cancer