Campuses: FH.com Home button

Vulvar Cancer

Stages of Vulvar Cancer

The stages of vulvar cancer refer to how much the cancer has grown and how far it has spread throughout the body.

  • Stage 0 (carcinoma in situ): This is the earliest stage, where the cancer is found only in the vulva, and only on the surface of the skin.
  • Stage I: The cancer is found only in the vulva and/or the perineum, or the space between the rectum and vagina. Stage I vulvar tumors are no more than two centimeters in size.
  • Stage II: The cancer is found in the vulva and/or the perineum, or the space between the rectum and vagina, and the tumor is larger than two centimeters.
  • Stage III: The cancer has spread from the vulva and/or perineum to nearby tissues, such as the lower part of the urethra, the vagina, or the anus; the tumor may also have spread to nearby lymph nodes.
  • Stage IV: The cancer has spread beyond the urethra, vagina and anus into the lining of the bladder and bowel; it may also have spread to the lymph nodes in the pelvis or elsewhere. 

Locations for Vulvar Cancer