Screening for vulvar cancer is often performed in the absence of symptoms, and can catch problems early. Women should have regular checkups to help doctors detect gynecologic cancers, including vulvar cancer. These checkups will include a Pap test, pelvic exam and in some cases HPV testing. During the checkup, the doctor will also examine the vulva for lumps or sores that may indicate the presence of cancerous or precancerous cells.
Ultimately, however, vulvar cancer is diagnosed by biopsy, a test in which the doctor removes a tissue sample and analyzes it under a microscope to look for signs of cancer.