The symptoms of vocal cord paralysis involve problems with speech, swallowing and respiration.
Typical signs of vocal cord paralysis include:
- Changes in voice – speech may become hoarse or breathy; the voice may change in volume or pitch.
- Choking or coughing when eating if food or liquid accidentally enters the windpipe instead of the esophagus.
- Difficulty breathing with shortness of breath and noisy sounds, and become serious if both vocal cords become injured.
Of the two types of vocal cord paralysis, single vocal fold is the most common. Double vocal fold paralysis, can be life threatening.