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Vestibulitis

Causes of Vestibulitis

Vestibulitis, and vulvodynia more generally, has no singular cause; it does not appear to be caused by sexually transmitted diseases or active infections. However, it appears to be aggravated by acidic foods, low levels of estrogen and infection. Researchers have speculated about several other potential underlying causes of vulvodynia, including:

  • An injury of or irritation to nerves that transmit sensations from the vulva
  • An increase in nerve fiber density in the vestibule
  • Elevated levels of an inflammatory substance in vulvar tissue
  • An abnormal response to environmental factors such as trauma or infection
  • Genetic susceptibility to chronic widespread pain or vestibular inflammation, as well as genetic factors associated with in inability to combat infection
  • A localized hypersensitivity to Candida (yeast) or other organism
  • Pelvic floor weakness or spasm

Locations for Vestibulitis