Screening for vaginal cancer can include several tests:
- Pelvic exam: An examination of the vagina and other organs in the pelvis will look for tumors, lumps or masses.
- Coloscopy: This procedure uses an instrument with a magnifying glass to examine the cervix for abnormalities; if abnormalities are found, a biopsy will usually be performed.
- Pap test: In a Pap smear, the doctor will collect cervical cells to look for changes that may be cancer or may become cancer.
- Imaging tests: Tests such as a CT scan, MRI scan and PET scan are used to provide images of internal organs and structures, and can be used to locate tumors and, in some cases, determine whether a treatment is working.
- Biopsy: Tissue samples from the vagina are taken and examined under a microscope for abnormalities. This is the only way to confirm a cancer diagnosis.