For patients with uterine fibroids, treatment may be necessary if the condition causes pain or a disruption in the way the body functions. Some patients do not need treatment or require a mild treatment.
Uterine fibroids are compact tumors in the uterus that develop in between 30 and 77% women. Doctors do not know why these tumors develop, but uterine fibroids treatment includes a variety of therapies.
These are some of the uterine fibroids treatments that may be recommended depending on the patient’s health, condition, history and goals for pregnancy:
- Hysterectomy – surgical removal of the uterus. Urterine firbroids is the most common reason for hysterectomies in the US.
- Conservative surgical therapy – A procedure called myomectomy removes the fibroids without damaging the uterus for future pregnancy
- Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists (GnRH agonists) – used to shrink fibroids by lowering the levels of estrogen to induce “medical menopause”
- Anti-hormonal agents – medications to oppose estrogen or anti-progestins to block the action of progesterone
- Uterine artery embolization (UAE) – minimally invasive technique that blocks the arteries supplying blood to the fibroids
- Anti-inflammatory painkillers – for women with occasional pelvic pain
Some uterine fibroids treatments can hurt fertility or have other complications. Florida Hospital is dedicated to working with patients to provide the most effective treatment for their condition and their goals. See how our doctors can work with you.