Treatments for urethral cancer involve removing the cancer source. If the cancer is still within the early stages, then there may be a possibility to remove the cancer cells and/or tumor. For the most part, the extent of the cancer determines the treatment.
In extreme cases, male members may have their entire penis removed to remove the cancer cells that penetrated the urethra. Women may undergo advanced surgery to remove their reproductive organs. A surgical excision may also be performed to remove cancer cells and/or tumor that form within the urethra.
Florida Hospital is conducting ongoing clinical trials to test medications as part of chemotherapy treatment such as gemcitabine hydrochloride, cisplatin, and bevacizumab. This drug treatment is scheduled in increments of time, compare the effectiveness of these types of medications to fight urinary cancers.
Treatment options are available to help patients locate the best course of action to combat urinary cancers. Whereas urethral cancer is rare, it may be treatable under early detection.
The following treatments for urethral cancer include:
- Surgical excisions - surgical procedure to enter the urethra and remove the cancer.
- Penectomy is performed to remove the penis in cases where the penile tissue is attacked by the cancer cells.
- Surgery is performed to remove female reproductive system (i.e. hysterectomy, cervix removal and other organs.
- Removal of colon, anus, rectum and other areas due to spread of cancer cells.
- Chemotherapy - medications are used to shrink the cancer cells and/or tumor.
- Transurethral resection - inserting cystoscopy into urethra to remove cancer cells.
- Biologic therapy - live tuberculosis bacteria is injected into region to recruit immune system as cancer fighting agent.