Treatments for an umbilical hernia depend on the age of the patient. If an infant is diagnosed with this hernia, no surgical procedure is performed due to the nature of the healing process. In many cases, an umbilical hernia in infants will correct itself before reaching age 5. If this hernia remains, then surgical intervention is recommended to repair the rupture.
Adults diagnosed with an umbilical hernia are advised to have surgery. Because this hernia can become worse, repairing the rupture may prevent serious complications such as strangulation (twisting that interrupts blood flow) of the intestine and incarcerated (getting stuck in hernia) to occur.
Two surgical treatment options are available to correct an umbilical hernia include:
- Laparoscopic hernia repair - a tube with a light is inserted into small incisions made on the abdomen. The surgeon can watch this surgical procedure on a video monitor. Instruments can be inserted into the tube to perform surgery such as cutting and suturing.
- Open hernia repair - this is the most common surgical technique that involves cutting into the affected region. It is an invasive surgery that repairs the rupture and can move contents back into place. In may have attached and got stuck in the region.