Many patients with trigeminal neuralgia have been misdiagnosed with dental problems or other conditions in the face. Knowing symptoms and signs of trigeminal neuralgia may help patients pinpoint their condition and seek medical diagnosis.
These are some of the symptoms and signs of trigeminal neuralgia:
- Spontaneous facial pain
- Severe burning or shooting pain in the face, lips, cheek, jaw, eyes or forehead
- Episodes usually last a few seconds or minutes
- Attacks can continue for days or months and may subside for months or years.
- Episodes get worse as the patient ages
- Pain can be triggered by mild vibration in the face (talking, eating, applying makeup)
- Numbness or faint tingling for months/days prior to attacks
Symptoms of trigeminal neuralgia are more common in women over 50, but can affect patients of any age or gender. Patients with a family history of facial pain may be at a higher risk.