Ranging from medical management to valve surgery (repair/replace), treatment for tricuspid valve disease depends on a number of factors: age, overall health, tolerance for treatments, severity of disease and more. Your Florida Hospital physician will develop an individualized treatment plan designed to give you the best possible outcome.
- ACE inhibitors or Angiotensin II to lower blood pressure and take stress off the heart
- Beta-blockers to lower blood pressure, decrease heart rate and ease some of chronic heart failure’s symptoms
- Calcium channel blockers to boost circulation and decrease blood pressure
- Diuretics to rid the body of excess salt and fluid
- Digitalis to ease stress on the heart and decrease symptoms
- Antibiotics to prevent infection from dental procedures or other surgeries
The most common procedure used to repair a tricuspid valve is annuloplasty, during which the tissue encircling the valve is replaced with a ring made of cloth, metal or tissue. Other repair procedures include:
- Valvotomy removes the scar tissue on the flaps of the valve that restricts the valve’s ability to open and close properly.
- Balloon valvuloplasty is performed through a tiny tube (catheter) inserted into the heart through a blood vessel in the groin. Once the catheter reaches the affected valve, a balloon placed at the tip of the catheter is inflated. This stretches the valve open.
In severe occurrences of triscuspid valve disease, valve replacement is usually the only effective treatment. The valve is replaced with a biological valve made of tissue from animal or human cadavers, or by a mechanical valve made from synthetic materials such as stainless steel, titanium and ceramic.