Treatments for transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) are determined by the extent of and the type of cancer. Treatment options provide a good prognosis if TCC is detected early. TCC that is given time to spread will complicate the treatment process.
The following are treatments designed to combat bladder cancer and urinary cancer that may be caused by TCC:
- Transurethral resection - a cystoscope is inserted into urethra and pushed toward the area with cancer cells in which it is surgically removed or burned away.
- Segmental cystectomy - removing a portion of the area containing the cancer cells.
- Radical cystectomy - removing the entire bladder, surrounding tissue, and lymph nodes. A urostomy is put in place to collect urine. This procedure is more complex in women, as the reproductive organs, bladder, and a portion of the vagina may be removed to stop the spread of the cancer.
- Chemotherapy - ingestion of cancer-fighting drugs to attack the cancer cells. The drugs may be inserted into the urethra to reach the source within the urinary system.
- Radiation Therapy - cancer members must undergo radiation treatment to shrink internal and external cancerous tumors and tissues. It is important to note that this type of treatment causes many side effects.
- Biologic therapy - a weakened, though live tuberculosis bacteria is injected into the bladder, using the immune system to fight the cancer cells.