In many cases, treatments for tracheomalacia are unnecessary because the condition often improves naturally. Usually symptoms lessen over time, gradually disappearing by the time a child is 2 years old. Humidified air makes breathing easier and care while feeding reduces complications from aspirating food into the lungs. Most infants tolerate antibiotics well, but must be monitored closely when dealing with upper respiratory infection.
Respiratory distress in adults may be relieved by administering continuous positive airway pressure. This treatment option for trachelmalacia involves providing air under slight pressure through a mask while the patient is sleeping. In rare instances, the severity of tracheomalacia requires surgical intervention inserting a stent to hold the airway open.