The stages of thyroid cancer can vary based on the type of cancer present. Doctors may categorize each stage based on a patient’s condition and can recommend the most appropriate treatment on each individual case.
The following are stages of papillary and follicular thyroid cancer for patients under 45 years of age.
- Stage I – Any size tumor in the thyroid, and possibly in the nearby tissue and lymph nodes. Cancer has not spread to the body.
- Stage II – Cancer has spread to other parts of the body (lungs or bone).
The following are stages of papillary and follicular thyroid cancer for patients 45 years of age or older include:
- Stage I – cancerous tumor less than two centimeters in size is found in the thyroid
- Stage II – cancerous tumor between two and four centimeters in size found in the thyroid
- Stage III – tumor is larger than four centimeters and/or cancer that has spread to surrounding tissue
- Stage IV – cancer has spread to other organs in the chest, neck and/or around the body
The following are stages of medullary thyroid cancer :
- Stage 0 – thyroid cancer found only with special screening test (no tumor in thyroid)
- Stage I – tumor (less than two centimeters) in size is found in thyroid
- Stage II – tumor in thyroid is greater than two centimeters in size or has spread to surrounding tissue (not lymph nodes)
- Stage III – tumor has spread to lymph nodes
- Stage IV – cancer has spread to organs surrounding the neck and chest or around the body.
Due to the rapid progression of anaplastic thyroid cancer spreads, this type of cancer is considered Stage IV thyroid cancer.
Early detection of thyroid cancer may improve prognosis. Talk to your doctor, or request an appointment at Florida Hospital today.