Thyroid cancer is a relatively rare cancer that generally begins in the thyroid glands and may travel throughout the entire body. This cancer can affect patients of all types and ages. The thyroid glands are located in the lower front of the neck, which are primarily responsible for secreting hormones that control heart rate, blood pressure and body temperature. A noncancerous and/or cancerous tumor can form in the cells within the thyroid. Typically, surgical removal of the thyroid is most common in thyroid cancer cases, though radiation and chemotherapy may be considered with or without surgery. Oncologists at Florida Hospital are highly specialized in identifying thyroid cancer and providing patients the most appropriate treatment options. Contact Florida Hospital to get screened, tested and treated for thyroid cancer. Request an appointment today.
Thyroid cancer attacks the tissue within the thyroid glands. These glands are located in the front of the neck, slightly positioned below the Adam's apple. For the most part, a tumor can form in the cells lining the inner surface of thyroid and may consist of cancerous or noncancerous (benign). A benign tumor can secrete hormones, which is a condition that may eventually lead to hyperthyroidism.
Though malignant thyroid tumors are rare, this type of cancer may occur in patients of any age or gender and generally affects more women than men. According to estimates from The National Cancer Institute, more than 60,000 new thyroid cancer cases will be diagnosed in 2013.
Based on the type of tumor present in the thyroid glands, patients may undergo different treatment plans to fight this condition. The four main types of thyroid cancer include:
- Papillary thyroid cancer – most common form (80% of all cases) that affects more women than men. This is recognized as least dangerous type of the thyroid cancer.
- Follicular thyroid cancer – an aggressive type of thyroid cancer that accounts for nearly 10% of all cases. This thyroid cancer may spread through the bloodstream and reach other parts of the body.
- Anaplastic thyroid cancer – accounts for nearly 2% of all cases. However, this type of thyroid cancer can grow quickly type and may be difficult to treat.
- Medullary thyroid cancer – this thyroid cancer can spread through the lymphatic system, accounting for nearly 4% of all cases. This type of thyroid cancer produces excess hormones and is often associated with dysfunction of other organs.
Request an appointment with Oncologists at Florida Hospital to discuss the most appropriate treatment options for thyroid cancer and/or other thyroid conditions.