Currently, there is no sure way to prevent the disease because:
- There are few known causes for the disease.
- Many of the suggested risk factors are those that cannot be changed.
- Many men with testicular cancer do not have the suggested risk factors.
However, testicular self-examination can improve the chances of finding a cancerous tumor early. Some doctors recommend doing them monthly, although it is not clear if they can reduce the death rate for testicular cancer.
Testicular Self-Examination (TSE) Procedure
The best time for testicular self-examination is just after a warm bath or shower when the scrotal tissue is more relaxed.
- While standing in front of a mirror, place the thumbs on the front side of the testicle and support it with the index and middle fingers of both hands.
- Gently roll the testicle between the fingers and thumbs. Feel for lumps, hardness, or thickness. Compare the feelings in each testicle.
- If you find a lump, see your physician as soon as possible.
Testicular self examination is not a substitute for routine physical examinations by your physician.