There are several medical conditions that may be related to stroke, including:
- Atherosclerosis: This condition occurs when lesions form in the small arteries of the brain that can block blood flow to the brain.
- Carotid artery disease: This disease occurs when plaque builds up in the carotid arteries.
- Atrial fibrillation: This is a heart condition that occurs when the upper chambers of the heart contract too quickly or irregularly, causing blood to pool in the heart and forming clots in the heart chambers.
- High blood pressure: Blood pressure refers to the force of the blood pushing against the arteries. Higher than normal blood pressure can cause a hemorrhagic stroke.
- Arteriovenous malformation: This condition is characterized by a tangle of faulty veins and arteries that can rupture within the brain, causing a stroke.
- Aneurysms: These are balloon-like bulges in an artery that can rupture, carrying a high risk of death.