What are the risk factors for melanoma?
Skin cancer is more common in fair-skinned people - especially those with blond or red hair, who have light-colored eyes. Skin cancer is rare in children. However, no one is safe from skin cancer. Other risk factors include:
- Family history of melanoma
- Personal history of melanoma
- Sun exposure - The amount of time spent unprotected in the sun directly affects your risk of skin cancer.
- Early childhood sunburns - Research has shown that sunburns early in life increase a person's risk for skin cancer later in life.
- Fair complexion
- Light colored hair
- Many freckles
- Large ordinary moles
- Dysplastic nevi
- An immunosuppressive disorder
- Exposure to certain chemicals, like arsenic
- Radiation exposure
- HPV (human papillomavirus)