Robotic ablation, also called stereotaxis, is one of the latest procedures used to treat atrial fibrillation[CC1] and other forms of arrhythmia. It is performed using catheters, small flexible tubes onto which specially designed equipment is attached. These catheters are inserted into an artery in the groin and threaded up through the artery until they reach the affected areas of the heart.
Unlike other types of ablation therapy, robotic ablation relies on computerized, magnetic technology to guide and navigate the equipment to the heart. This allows for precise placement. Once in place, this robotic equipment destroys damaged or affected tissue to restore normal valve function. Because the robotic catheter is very flexible and soft, there is a greater chance that the heart wall will not be damaged during the procedure.
Robotic ablation is one of three types of ablation used to treat atrial fibrillation and arrhythmia. Like robotic ablation, both cryoablation and radiofrequency ablation are performed when the arrhythmia has not responded to medication. However, robotic ablation takes less time to perform and has proven to yield better success rates.