- Chemotherapy, either before (neo-adjuvant) or after (adjuvant) surgery
- Palliative chemotherapy as the main therapy in non-surgical cases
- Radiation therapy
Treatment for Rectal Tumors
Surgery is the preferred rectal and colon cancer treatment. A majority of colorectal cancer patients – between 80% and 90% -- undergo surgery for colon cancer called a radical bowel resection. In approximately 15% of these surgeries, the bowel cannot be reconnected during this surgery and waste from the colon can no longer travel through the intestines. In these cases, a colostomy is performed to allow waste to collect outside the body, usually in to a colostomy bag. A colostomy can be either temporary or permanent, depending on the patient’s surgical outcome.
Colorectal cancer treatment can also include one or more of the following: