Treatments for preterm labor will depend in part on the woman’s pregnancy (e.g., how far along the pregnancy is), overall health and medical history. Treatment options may include:
- Bed rest, either at home or in the hospital.
- Hospital admittance: Specialized equipment or personnel may be required.
- Tocolytic medications: These medications, which include terbutaline and magnesium sulfate, help slow or stop contractions.
- Corticosteroids: These medications may help the fetus’ lung mature.
- Cervical cerclage: In this procedure, used for women with an incompetent cervix, a doctor will suture the cervical opening.
- Antibiotics, to treat infection.
- Delivery: If the treatments don’t stop the labor, the baby may have to be delivered, and in some cases, a cesarean section may be recommended.