Doctors around the world continue to research what causes premenstrual syndrome (PMS). While the exact cause is unknown, doctors recognize a correlation between PMS and hormonal changes, specifically fluctuation in estrogen and progesterone. It may also include chemical changes in the brain caused by hormones.
Other social, biological, psychological and cultural risk factors may contribute to the symptoms of PMS. These factors may also be the key to preventing or treating the symptoms.
These are some of the risk factors for PMS:
- Depression – Patients with severe depression in their medical history or family history are at a higher risk for PMS
- Diet – poor eating habits an cause PMS symptoms to intensify
- Stress – stress can increase symptoms