- Stopping smoking which increases risk for PAD by four times
- Lowering blood pressure to avoid heart disease, stroke and kidney disease
- Reducing blood cholesterol which can delay or reverse plaque build-up
- Controlling blood glucose levels for people with diabetes
- Following a healthy diet plan low in fat, cholesterol and salt and that includes fruit, vegetables and low-fat dairy products
- Treating obesity
- Being physically active
Peripheral Artery Bypass
Treatments Related to Peripheral Artery Bypass
In addition to peripheral artery bypass surgery, doctors may recommend one of several different treatment options for peripheral artery disease (PAD). These include other nonsurgical procedures, medications and lifestyle changes.
In addition to peripheral bypass, other nonsurgical options to restore blood flow include angioplasty and atherectomy. Angioplasty involves inserting a balloon attached to a thin catheter into the artery. The balloon is inflated, forcing plaque toward the artery wall, widening the opening and restoring blood flow. In addition, a small mesh tube called a stent may be placed in the artery to keep it open. The stent may be medically treated with drugs that help prevent future blockages.
Like angioplasty, atherectomy uses a catheter inserted into the artery, but has a cutting tool to shave or cut away plaque. The bits of plaque are removed through the catheter, or wash away in the blood if small enough. Another type of atherectomy involves the use of a laser to dissolve the blockage.
Before recommending surgery, the doctor may prescribe medications to reduce cholesterol levels, lower blood pressure, prevent blood clots from forming due to reduced blood flow, and to ease pain.
Treatment options, including peripheral artery bypass, include long-term lifestyle changes. Among these factors are