For women at risk of developing ovarian cancer who do not wish to undergo surgery, there are other treatment options available, though they may not be as successful in reducing their cancer risk. One is increased screening for ovarian cancer, in which doctors will take a blood test twice a year to look for markers ovarian cancer. However, it’s not certain that these tests will be able to detect ovarian cancer in its earliest stages—when it’s most treatable.
Another option is birth control pills, which some studies suggest reduce the risk of ovarian cancer in women with an average risk of developing the disease, as well as women with BRCA mutations. However, for the latter group, those birth control pills may increase the risk of breast cancer, though the benefits may outweigh the risks.