Several options exist for the prevention of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). The options include:
- Canceling the invitro fertilization cycle is the most effective means of preventing OHSS. It is used for patients with a history of severe cases of the condition, but is a costly solution and can be stressful emotionally.
- Coasting, temporarily halting fertility treatments.
- Using lower doses of human chorionic gonadotropin.
- Administering what is known as an agonist trigger to stimulate ovulation.
- Cryogenic preservation (freezing) of embryos from women considered at risk for OHSS.
- Dopamine to help prevent fluid from building up in the abdomen and chest.
Not pursuing fertility treatments is a certain means for preventing ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. However, given the rare occurrence of OHSS, women should discuss risks and options for prevention with their doctor to make an informed decision.