Although oral contraceptives are most often prescribed as a means of birth control, there are other related conditions for which they may be suggested. One such condition is polycystic ovary syndrome, or PCOS, in which an imbalance in a woman’s sex hormones leads to menstrual period changes, ovarian cysts, difficulty getting pregnant and other issues. Oral contraceptives can help with PCOS by ensuring that the endometrium is shed regularly, thus making a woman’s menstrual cycles more regular and preventing the formation of cysts; contraceptives can also help reduce the risk of uterine cancer.
Certain oral contraceptives may also be prescribed to treat acne, which they do by reducing the amount of some natural substances that cause acne. In addition, oral contraceptives such as Yaz and Beyaz can be used to relieve symptoms associated with premenstrual dysphoric disorder, a condition in which women undergo severe depression symptoms and irritability before getting their periods.
Research has also suggested that oral contraceptives may help with some benign breast diseases, such as fibroadenoma and cystic changes, and may reduce the occurrence of severe disabling rheumatoid arthritis.