Each patient’s condition differs, so doctors recommend each treatment according to the patient’s needs. Treating oral cavity cancer depends on the size, severity, type and location of the cancer. Sometimes, certain treatments may have drastic side effects that prohibit patients from eating or talking after treatment. In these cases, doctors recommend other treatment options to maintain the patient’s quality of life.
Once a diagnosis has been made, doctors at Florida Hospital work with patients to determine the best treatment plan for their health and goals. Doctors may recommend these treatments or a combination of these treatments for oral cavity cancer:
- Surgery including removal of the tumor and/or surrounding structures.
- Primary tumor resection – removal of the whole tumor and surrounding tissue
- Maxillectomy – remove tumor and part of the hard palate (roof of mouth)
- Glossectomy – removal of tongue
- Mohs’ micrographic surgery – removes the tumor in slices to reduce the amount of normal cells damaged/removed
- Neck dissection – removal of neck’s lymph nodes if cancer has spread
- Radiation therapy
- Targeted therapy – medications to target cancer cells
Before undergoing any procedure, ask your doctor about the risks and side effects of treatment. Many of these treatments may cause permanent side effects.