While doctors do not know why cancer develops, research indicates some of the causes of oral cavity cancer and the factors that increase a patient’s risk. These factors do not mean the patients will definitely develop oral cavity cancer. Likewise, patients without a high risk of oral cavity cancer can still develop cancer.
These are some of the causes of oral cavity cancer:
- Tobacco use
- Alcohol use
- Not eating enough fruits and vegetables
- HPV (human papillomavirus)
- Excessive sun exposure (lips)
- Family history of oral cavity cancer
- Chronic irritation (ill-fitting dentures)
- Being male (two times higher risk then females)
If you have many of the risk factors for oral cavity cancer, it’s important to stay vigilant, get frequent screenings and practice prevention techniques.