There are a number of conditions that may lead your physician to recommend an oophorectomy, either alone or (more commonly) as part of another procedure. These include:
- A tubo-ovarian abscess (a pus-filled pocket connected to a fallopian tube and ovary)
- Ovarian cancer
- Benign ovarian tumors or cysts
- Endometriosis (a painful condition in which tissue that normally lines the uterus grows outside of it)
- Ovarian torsion (when an ovary gets twisted)
Oophorectomies are often combined with other procedures, such as hysterectomy (the removal of the uterus) and salpingectomy (the removal of a fallopian tube)—the latter is especially common in women with an increased risk of ovarian cancer.