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Oligodendroglial Tumor

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Oligodendroglial tumors are rare tumors that develop in the oligodendrocytes of the brain, cells that cover and protect nerve cells in the brain or spine. Many times, these tumors are considered benign, and are sometimes eliminated through surgery or other treatment. Other times, the tumor is considered anaplastic, a higher-grade, more aggressive tumor that can pose more of a challenge for treatment. The oncology specialists at the Florida Hospital Brain and Spinal Cancer are ready for any challenge. As experts in treating this and other types of tumors, they can accurately diagnose Oligodendroglial Tumor and create an appropriate treatment plan to suit each individual case. 

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An oligodendroglial tumor is a rare, slow-growing tumor that originates in the oligodendrocytes, the cells that cover and protect the nerve cells in the brain and spinal and keep these cells healthy. These tumors, which usually form in the cerebrum, are estimated to represent between 4 and 7 percent of all gliomas, or tumors that arise in glial cells like the oligodendrocytes, though other research has suggested that they comprise as much as 15 percent of all primary brain tumors.

These tumors can be broken down into low-grade, high-grade or mixed tumors (a mixed glioma, such as an oligo-astrocytic tumor, contains cells from oligodendroglial tumor cells and from another kind of brain tumor). The lower-grade oligodendroglial tumors, called oligodendrogliomas, grow and spread slowly. Anaplastic oligodendrogliomas, on the other hand, grow quickly and may grow in several places throughout the brain.

Low-grade oligodendrogliomas (and mixed gliomas with oligodendroglial tumor cells) most commonly appear in patients in young to middle adulthood, while higher-grade tumors develop on average a couple decades later.

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