For infants with respiratory complications at birth, a number of treatments related to nitric oxide therapy may be recommended depending on the specific needs of the baby. There may be a variety of reasons for respiratory distress in infants, so treatments vary on a case-by-case basis.
These are a few of the treatments related to nitric oxide therapy:
- Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) – directly administers oxygen in the blood if breathing machine can’t be used
- Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) – keeps the airways open to prevent the need for a breathing machine
- Breathing machine – breathes for the infant and delivers warm, moist oxygen
If one of these therapies is needed, it’s important to speak with the physician to determine the risks and benefits of each treatment.