Treatments for narcolepsy aim to control symptoms and keep the patient as alert as possible throughout the day while minimizing episodes of cataplexy. Prescription medications for narcolepsy include central nervous system stimulants (e.g., armodafinil, dextroamphetamine and methylphenidate), which treat excessive daytime sleepiness, and antidepressants (e.g., SNRIs, SSRIs and tricyclic antidepressants) to treat cataplexy, sleep paralysis and hallucinations.
In addition to medications, there are some lifestyle changes that may help with narcolepsy. Nap therapy—taking two or three naps per day—may help patents control sleepiness and maintain alertness. Also, proper diet and exercise—for instance, eating light, vegetarian meals during the day, avoiding heavy meals before important activities and remaining active—can help some patients perform better at work or school.