Myomectomy is used to treat uterine fibroids, noncancerous tumors made up of muscle and other tissues growing in the uterus. The cause of these fibroids, which affect up to 80 percent of all women at some point during their lives, is unknown, although risk factors for them include being overweight and/or African American. Fewer than 0.1 percent of fibroid cases turn into cancer, though complications can include infertility, pregnancy problems and anemia.
Many women have uterine fibroids have no symptoms and require no treatment, and most who have them can get pregnant naturally. However, when they exist, symptoms of uterine fibroids can include:
- Heavy or painful periods, or bleeding between periods
- Feeling full in the lower abdomen
- Frequent urination
- Pain during intercourse
- Lower back pain
- Reproductive problems, including early labor, multiple miscarriage or infertility