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Myasthenia Gravis

Why Choose Florida Hospital?

Myasthenia Gravis is a neuromuscular condition that, in severe cases, can lead to a respiratory emergency. The healthcare professionals at Florida Hospital specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of rare central nervous system disorders such as myasthenia gravis. Supported by our advanced technology, they apply expertise in the latest drug and surgical therapies for controlling the condition. For people who experience symptoms that may indicate myasthenia gravis, multidisciplinary specialties at Florida Hospital provide them the support they need to deal with this condition.

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Myasthenia gravis is an autoimmune disease that causes a breakdown of communication between nerves and muscles. The name literally translates as “grave muscle weakness”, although modern treatments often control the severity of the disorder. It most commonly affects men over age 50 and women age 20 to 30, but may appear at any age. Rarely, children develop one of three types of myasthenia gravis:

  • Juvenile – about 10 percent of cases, mostly affecting adolescent girls
  • Transient neonatal – occurring in babies born to mothers with myasthenia gravis, usually disappearing after a few weeks
  • Congenital myasthenic syndrome – not an autoimmune disorder, resulting from a genetic mutation that results in the same impairment between the nerve cells and muscles

In most cases, myasthenia gravis impairs the muscles that control eyelids, facial expression, speaking, chewing, and swallowing. People may also experience problems with controlling limbs and difficulty breathing that may require ventilation.