Treatment options for movement disorders will depend on the condition and its cause. In some cases, physical and/or occupational therapy may be used to improve strength and control. In other cases, medications can ameliorate brain imbalances. Botox injections can be used to weaken overactive muscles in cases of dystonia and spasticity, while surgical inactivation of circuits of the basal ganglia can help Parkinson’s patients.
Deep brain stimulation utilizes a surgically implanted neurostimulator to deliver electrical pulses to the areas of the brain that control movement. This charge blocks the nerve signals that create the abnormal movements. In addition, individuals with movement disorders can benefit from proper diet and exercise.