Common symptoms of miscarriage include vaginal spotting or bleeding, the passage of tissue and cramping. However, light spotting does not necessarily mean you are having a miscarriage; in fact, it is quite common, and occurs in about 30 percent of all pregnancies. If you believe you may have miscarried, your doctor can perform an ultrasound to see if there is a fetal heartbeat, or perform blood tests to look for hormones commonly associated with pregnancy.
There are six common types of miscarriage:
- Threatened: If you have spotting or bleeding in the first trimester, miscarriage may or may not occur. You should be monitored for further bleeding, and your doctors can perform an ultrasound to determine your fetus’ condition.
- Complete: In this miscarriage, the fetus, placenta and other tissues are expelled with bleeding.
- Incomplete: In an incomplete miscarriage, only part of the tissues is passed, while some remains in the uterus; this may be accompanied by heavy vaginal bleeding.
- Missed abortion: In a missed abortion, the fetus dies but is not expelled from the uterus. In some cases, dark brown spotting occurs, but there is no fetal heartbeat or growth.
- Septic: A septic miscarriage is a miscarriage that becomes infected; the mother will develop a fever and may have bleeding and discharge with a foul odor. In addition, abdominal pain is common. This is a serious condition and can result in shock and organ failure if not treated.
- Recurrent: Recurrent miscarriage is when a woman has more than three miscarriages.