High blood pressure is managed through the use of antihypertensive drugs, which help reduce blood pressure to normal levels. Depending on your medical situation, your doctor may recommend one of the following medications. Each serves a different role in reducing your blood pressure.
ACE inhibitors: These drugs keep your body from making angiotensin II, which is a chemical that constricts your blood vessels.
Alpha-blockers. These medications act on your blood vessels and help them stay open.
Beta-blockers: Beta-blockers help reduce or eliminate the effects of adrenaline.
Calcium channel blockers: This medication prevents your blood vessels from constricting by preventing calcium from entering your cells.
Diuretics: These drugs help you get rid of the extra fluid and sodium in your body so you don’t have as much fluid in your blood.
Some of these medications are used in combination with one another, such as an ACE inhibitor and a calcium channel blocker.