While the causes of laryngeal cancer—and all types of cancer—are unknown, doctors at Florida Hospital indicate lifestyle and genetic factors that increase a patient’s risk of developing laryngeal cancer.
These risk factors do no guarantee the patient will get cancer, but it does indicate he or she is more likely to develop cancerous cells then those without the risk factors. Likewise, patients without these risk factors can also develop laryngeal cancer.
Some of the risk factors that may be what causes laryngeal cancer include the following list:
- Using tobacco products and smoking
- Abusing alcohol
- A weak immune system
- Being male (Laryngeal cancer is more likely in men than women)
- Age (patients’ average age is 62)
- Being African-American
Doctors continue to research another risk factor that may cause laryngeal cancer. GERD or gastroesophageal reflux disease may increase a patient’s risk of developing laryngeal cancer; similarly GERD increases the risk for patients to develop esophageal cancer.