The abdomen contains organs of the gastrointestinal, urinary, endocrine, and reproductive systems. An abdominal laparoscopy may be performed to assess the abdomen and its organs for tumors and other lesions, injuries, intra-abdominal bleeding, infections, unexplained abdominal pain, obstructions, or other conditions, particularly when another type of examination such as physical examination, X-ray, or CT scan is not conclusive.
Laparoscopy may be used to determine the stage of cancer of the abdominal organs. It may also be used to evaluate abdominal trauma, including the depth and location of injury, and the extent of intra-abdominal bleeding.
Gynecologic laparoscopy may be used to assess pelvic pain and problems, ovarian cysts, and fibroids, and to evaluate the fallopian tubes in women experiencing infertility. Other uses include treating endometriosis and removing an ectopic pregnancy in the fallopian tube.
There may be other reasons for your doctor to recommend a laparoscopy.