Joint pain can be caused by injury affecting any of the ligaments, bursae, or tendons surrounding the joint. Many different conditions can lead to painful joints (arthralgia), including osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, bursitis, gout, strains, sprains, and other injuries. Joint pain is extremely common and it becomes increasingly more common as you age. For many older adults, arthritis is a leading culprit of pain—the wearing down of smooth cartilage between joints causes inflammation and discomfort. Other causes can include:
- Broken bones
- Autoimmune disease
- General "wear and tear" on joints
Arthritis Related Joint Pain
One of the most common causes of joint pain is arthritis:
- Osteoarthritis - a wearing out or breaking down of cartilage in the joints, also known as "wear-and-tear" or degenerative arthritis. As the cartilage wears away, the bone ends rub against each other causing pain and stiffness.
- Post-traumatic Arthritis - cartilage is damaged due to an injury and does not heal properly.
- Avascular Necrosis - occurs when the bone is deprived of normal blood supply. Without normal blood supply, the bone is deprived of proper nutrition and can become weakened and collapse and damage the joint cartilage.
- Rheumatoid Arthritis - a disease that produces chemical changes in the soft tissue that lines surfaces within joint, which causes it to thicken and become inflamed.
Whether your joint pain is caused by arthritis or injury, in many cases it can become worse by avoiding movement – causing the bones and muscles to become weakened and more difficult to move. Take your first step toward a life free of joint pain with an orthopaedic screening from the experts at Florida Hospital.