The challenge of surviving intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) can be a real concern for the fetus. Some severe cases have led to still birth or a later death of the newborn. A number of complications may threaten the health and life of the newborn such as:
- low blood sugar (hypoglycemia)
- problems regulating body temperature
- breathing difficulty (meconium aspiration)
- low levels of oxygen
- over production of red blood cells (polycythemia)
Mothers diagnosed with IUGR can help increase their child’s chances of surviving IUGR by immediately stopping smoking and alcohol use and following their doctor’s orders regarding nutrition and physical exertion.
Most children surviving intrauterine growth restriction at birth are classified as small for gestational age (SGA), and face long-term problems as they grow. The extent to which those problems will affect the child lies in the cause and severity of IUGR.
As with all high-risk complications of pregnancy, early diagnosis and treatment relates directly not only to the survivability of intrauterine growth restriction, but to the prognosis of IUGR for the baby’s long-term health