Intraductal papilloma refers to a small, benign breast tumor that grows in the milk duct. This milk duct tumor, a wart-like growth in breast tissue, is usually found close to the nipple and may cause discharge from the nipple, as well as pain and a breast lump. This condition usually affects women between the ages of 35 and 55. Having a solitary intraductal papilloma does not increase her chances of developing breast cancer. These usually affect women nearing menopause. However, multiple papillomas or any papilloma associated with a lump can increase that risk. Multiple papillomas are more common among young women, often occur in both breasts and are more likely to be associated with a lump and discharge of the nipple. Multiple papillomas and any papillomas associated with a lump should be surgically removed.
Prognosis for intraductal papilloma
For those with a solitary intraductal papilloma, the prognosis is excellent. However, those with many tumors or who develop these papillomas at an early are at increased risk of developing breast cancer down the road, especially if they have a family history of breast cancer or if their biopsy revealed abnormal cells. These women should continue to receive regular follow-up care.