Doctors have identified a list of related conditions that affect or cause infertility. Among them are physical and lifestyle elements.
Physical Related Conditions of Infertility
Ovulation problems are the most common related conditions of female infertility. These include having irregular or no periods. Abnormal ovulation may result from a hormone imbalance or a condition known as POI (primary ovarian insufficiency) in which ovaries cease functioning normally before age 40.
Other physically related conditions of infertility include blocked fallopian tubes, disorders of the uterus such as uterine fibroids, a non-cancerous tissue on the walls and lining of the uterus.
A woman’s ability to conceive reduces with age as ovaries become less efficient, she produces a smaller number of eggs that are not as healthy, other health conditions may arise and miscarriage becomes more likely.
In the man, reproductive problems that affect the health of his sperm are related conditions of infertility. Serious infections such as mumps and kidney disease reduce the health of sperm. Cancer treatments involving radiation and chemotherapy also impact the health of sperm.
Lifestyle Related Conditions of Infertility
The choices a couple makes have strong implications for the potential of infertility. Lifestyle-based related conditions for that reduce a woman’s ability to conceive and negatively impact the health of a man’s sperm include:
- cigarette smoking
- excessive consumption of alcohol
- poor nutrition
- toxins such as pesticides
- sexually transmitted infections (STIs)
- hormonal abnormalities
Severe stress may contribute to female infertility by changing hormone levels that could impair normal ovulation. While obesity may disrupt many bodily functions, women who are too thin, such as from heavy athletic training, also may experience infertility.