Prevention of an incisional hernia depends on a number of factors. Surgeons are expected to use effective surgical techniques to minimize complications. Patients must follow discharge instructions to avoid contaminating their surgical wound. For the most part, developing a wound infection may increase the risk of an incision hernia. Furthermore, patients are advised to limit and/or avoid activities that put pressure on the incision.
The following preventative measures may help to decrease a complication of surgery such as an incisional hernia:
- Avoid overexertion
- Treat constipation to avoid straining
- Use precaution when coughing and sneezing
- Limit activity that increases pressure on surgical wound
- Use of prescribed gels that may promote healthy wound healing (ask about this gel).
- Reduce and/or avoid sexual activity until wound heals.
- Reduce and/or eliminate smoking
It is important to note that age and physical health may have a direct impact on postoperative care. There is no guarantee in preventing an incisional hernia following surgery, though patients can take preventative measures to reduce these potential risk factors.