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Incisional Hernia

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An incisional hernia may cause internal tissue, muscle, and/or the segment of an organ (liver) or membrane (intestine) to protrude through a surgical wound and/or scar tissue. An incisional hernia is a complication of surgery in which a surgical wound is unable to heal properly, causing weakened tissue that can make the surgical site prone to internal protrusion. If the intestine becomes twisted in the incision and loses blood flow, also known as strangulated hernia, this action can cause tissue death to the intestinal segment. Though an incisional hernia is more common in abdominal surgeries, it is likely this type of hernia can form in any part of the body following surgery. Doctors at Florida Hospital are trained to examine abnormal surgical incisions, will order tests to screen for an incisional hernia, and are skilled to perform hernia surgery. If a surgical incision and/or wound is accompanied with bleeding, redness with streaks, foul-smelling drainage, extreme pain, visible protrusion, fever, wound hardness, breathing ailments, and/or heart issues, call 9-1-1 immediately.                  

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An incisional hernia is a type of hernia that involves the incompletely healing of a surgical wound. For the most part, a surgical wound depends on the natural healing process to seal itself. However, a surgical wound may defy healing if an infection develops and/or it becomes a weakened surgical scar. A partial segment of an organ, tissue, or muscle may protrude through active surgical openings and/or put pressure under surgical scars. Once this protrusion occurs, a patient may likely experience symptoms such as pain, pressure, swelling, and/or a fever. 
 
In severe cases, an incisional hernia may cause strangulation of intestines and/or a major organ such as the liver to which this hernia may pose a serious health threat to patients, especially when restricting blood flow to tissues, muscles, and organs can cause injury and/or permanent damage to those internal components involved. Risk factors of an incisional hernia involve poor wound care, heavy lifting, obesity, straining while having a bowel movement, sneezing, coughing, vomiting, and/or pregnancy. Surgery is used as the primary treatment option to repair an incisional hernia. 
 

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