Reasons for performing a hysterectomy include, but are not limited to, the following:
- Fibroid tumors (nonmalignant tumors)
- Endometriosis (a condition in which endometrial cells grow outside of the uterus, attaching themselves to other organs in the pelvic cavity, resulting in chronic pelvic pain, pain during sex, and prolonged or heavy bleeding)
- Abnormal uterine bleeding (this is often due to endometrial hyperplasia, an over-thickening of the uterine lining that may cause abnormal bleeding)
- Cancer (cervical, ovarian, or endometrial cancer is the diagnosis in approximately ten percent of hysterectomies)
- Blockage of the bladder or intestines by the uterus or a growth
Hysterectomy may also be performed when uterine prolapse (the uterus drops down into the vagina) occurs, or in the presence of chronic pelvic conditions, such as pelvic pain or pelvic inflammatory disease that do not respond to other treatments.
There may be other reasons for your physician to recommend a hysterectomy.