Doctors may recommend hysterectomy for many severe gynecological conditions. In fact, it is the second most common major operation in the US on women of childbearing age. Hysterectomy is performed more than 600,000 times each year.
During the procedure, a surgeon removes the uterus, part of the uterus and/or the surrounding organs to treat disease or tumors. Depending on the condition, doctors may recommend one of these types of hysterectomy:
- Total hysterectomy – removal of the whole uterus, but not the ovaries. This is the most common type.
- Hysterectomy with bilateral oophorectomy – removal of the whole uterus as well as one or both ovaries and possibly the fallopian tubes.
- Radical hysterectomy – removes the uterus, cervix, top portion of the vagina, tissue around the cervix and possibly the pelvic lymph nodes. This is often needed to treat cancer.
- Supracervical hysterectomy (partical or subtotal) – removing the uterus, but leaving the cervix intact.
Besides the kind of hysterectomy, doctors may also recommend a specific procedure. Open surgeries as well as minimally invasive procedures are available. These are the procedures that may be recommended depending on the individual patient’s health, condition and goals:
- Abdominal hysterectomy – open surgery where the uterus is removed through an incision in the abdomen.
- Vaginal hysterectomy – the uterus is removed through the vagina. No incisions are needed.
- Laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH) – a small tube is inserted through small incisions to remove the uterus.
- da Vinci robotic hysterectomy – a robot is used to improve the precision of the procedure. This is a cutting-edge, minimally invasive procedure.
For women in childbearing age, hysterectomy eliminates the ability for the patient to have children. It’s important to speak with your doctor about your medical and treatment goals before undergoing any procedure.
See if the minimally invasive procedures at Florida Hospital are options for your treatment.