- Stage 0 – abnormal cells in the lining of the hypopharynx that may become cancer
- Stage I – cancer is found in only one area of the hypophaynx and/or is less two centimeters or smaller
- Stage II – tumor is between two and four centimeters and has not spread to the larynx; or is has spread to more parts of the hypopharynx and/or nearby tissue
- Stage III – tumor is larger than four centimeters or spread to more parts of the hypopharynx, surrounding disuse, the larynx, esophagus or lymph nodes on the same side of the neck.
- Stage IVA – cancer has spread to the cartilage around the thyroid, trachea, bone under the tongue, thyroid, nearby soft tissue, lymph nodes one lymph node on the same side of the neck (larger than three centimeters)
- Stage IVB – cancer spread to the muscles in the upper spinal column, carotid artery, chest cavity lining, lymph nodes (any size)
- Stage IVC – any size tumor has spread to other parts of the body
Stages of Hypopharyngeal Cancer
When a patient is diagnosed with a malignant tumor in the pharynx, doctors use standardized stages of hypopharyngeal cancer to describe the severity of the cancer. Once the patient’s individual condition has been categorized, doctors at Florida Hospital work with patients to develop an appropriate treatment plan for the cancer’s stage and the patient’s health.
These are the standardized stages of hypopharyngeal cancer according to the National Cancer Institute:
The stage of the cancer helps determine the treatment options available to patients. Early detection and treatment provides the best opportunity for successful treatment without extensive and permanent side effects. If you suspect you suffer from hypopharyngeal cancer, schedule a screening or second opinion appointment today.