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Hormonal Therapy

Side Effects of Hormonal Therapy

The side effects of hormonal therapy may vary depending on the type of hormonal therapy given and the individual characteristics of each particular case. However, hormonal therapy and surgery to remove the testes, both of which are used to treat prostate cancer, tend to have the same common side effects: hot flashes, impotence, a loss of sexual desire, male breast enlargement, lower bone density, fatigue and loss of muscle mass. For women being treated with tamoxifen for breast cancer, common side effects include: hot flashes, nausea and/or vomiting, vaginal spotting, irregular menstrual periods, fatigue, mood changes, skin rash, weight gain, headaches, and vaginal dryness or itching and/or irritation of the skin around the vagina. Tamoxifen also slightly increases a woman’s chances of developing endometrial cancer and uterine sarcoma, and there is also a very slight risk of blood clots, stroke, eye problems such as cataracts and liver toxicities. 

Locations for Hormonal Therapy